Tanzanian Albino Attacks – Updated List of Victims

The table below was updated using UTSS’s report to UNESCO, published in 2012 (14 October 2013). There are now 76 documented victims.

Starting with Under the Same Sun’s (UTSS, Undated) list of 34 albinos who were attacked, mainly people who survived the attack, I have added all the additional accounts of attacks, targetings, killings, maimings, abductions and other serious crimes that I can find. This is a work in progress and it will remain beyond the scope of this blog to create what could be considered to be a definitive list. Some of the dates are assumed or they are the date on which the article appeared; many pieces of vital data are vague or missing. With this in mind, the list is currently in date order.

From the sources selected 76 victims have been listed, below. Few African media sources have been used because most are no longer freely accessible after a certain period of time; also because the initial aim was to look at non-African media coverage of issues in African countries. Contrary to claims in the media that around 72 persons with albinism were killed over the past 6 or 7 years, the table below 28 were killed and 15 of these victims remain unnamed. Ten of the remaining 48 victims who were attacked but survived are also unnamed.

A summary of recorded demographic and other details is also available.

Name Date Age M/F Incident Source Location
Alex Aron 30-Apr-06 ? M Killed LHRC 2006 ?
Emmanuel Festo 12-Nov-07 7 M Maimed UTSS (Undated) Bukoba?
Paulo Sasa 25-Nov-07 ? M Attacked UTSS (Undated) Shinyanga, Maswa
Bibiana Mbushi 28-Dec-07 12 F Maimed UTSS (Undated) Geita?
Unnamed -orphan 1 01-Jan-08 ? F Maimed LHRC 2008 Geita?
Unnamed -orphan 2 01-Jan-08 ? F Maimed LHRC 2008 Geita?
Winifrida Oluoch[i] 03-Mar-08 22 F Killed UTSS 2012 From Kenya, trafficked to and killed in Tanzania
Tausi Massoro Mandgidu 11-Mar-08 ? F Maimed UTSS (Undated) Geita, Nyamaulu Village
Vumilia Makoye 01-May-08 17 F Killed NY Times Western
Nyrere Rutahiro 21-Jul-08 ? M Killed BBC ?
Jovin Majaliwa 27-Jul-08 ? M Killed BBC Mwanza
Majaliwa, wife of Jovin 27-Jul-08 ? F Maimed BBC Mwanza
Mariamu Staford (BBC – Mariam Staford Bandaba) 17-Oct-08 28 F Maimed UTSS (Undated), BBC ?
Unnamed [check article for full details] 21-Oct-08 9 F Killed BBC Kahama, Segese Village
Esther Charles 04-Nov-08 10 ? Killed Agence France Press Shilela Village, Shinyanga
Aisha Yusuph 13-Nov-08 ? F Attacked UTSS (Undated) Tanga, Dindira
Unnamed 1 14-Nov-08 2 ? Targeted BBC Kigoma, Lugufu
Unnamed 2 14-Nov-08 9 F Targeted BBC Kigoma, Kibondo
Unnamed, identified as Daughter of Salma 16-Nov-08 Infant F Killed Guardian Kilimanjaro
Unnamed 16-Nov-08 ? F Maimed Guardian Dar es Salaam
Unnamed – head in bag [check article for full details] 16-Nov-08 Infant ? Killed Guardian ?
Unnamed [Attempted sale of wife] also here and here 16-11-08 24 F Trafficked Guardian, BBC Southwest?
Mtoba Malosa 01-Jan-09 2 ? Maimed UTSS (Undated) ?
Angelina Jonas Maduka 22-Jan-09 15 F Attacked and raped UTSS (Undated) Mwanza, Sengerema, Sogoso
Mpelwa Jonas Maduka 22-Jan-09 17 F Attacked and raped UTSS (Undated) Mwanza, Sengerema, Sogoso
Gasper Kilijiwa 22-Jan-09 10 M Killed Reuters ?
Jonas Maduka 26-Jan-09 ? M Killed BBC, UTSS (Undated) Mwanza, Sengerema, Sogoso
Unnamed 26-Jan-09 9 months ? Killed NY Times ?
Eunice Bahati 17-Feb-09 12 F Killed UTSS 2012 ?
Unnamed 23-Feb-09 14 F Killed BBC Mwanza
Esther Michael 01-Mar-09 4 F Abducted UTSS (Undated) Shinyanga, Bariadi, Bulolambesi Village, Bumela ward
Unnamed 09-Jun-09 13 M Killed BBC Shinyanga, Kahama
Unnamed 09-Jun-09 ? F Killed BBC Shinyanga, near Kahama?
Matatizo Dunia 23-Sep-09 14 M Killed BBC ?
Fatma Mohammad (daughter of Rukia Khalfan) 08-Feb-10 1 F Maimed UTSS (Undated) ?
Rukia Khalfan 08-Feb-10 33 F Maimed UTSS (Undated) ?
Said Abdallah 10-Apr-10 41 M Maimed UTSS (Undated) Merela Village, Mvomero District, Morogoro
Kabula Nkalango 26-Apr-10 13 F Maimed UTSS (Undated) ?
Robinson Mkwama, also here 28-Jul-10 20 M Trafficked BBC Mwanza
Unnamed[ii] 25-Aug-10 9 M Killed BBC ?
Unnamed 15-Nov-10 50 M Killed Reuters ?
Unnamed – “attackers…[gave] first aid treatment to victim to stop the bleeding” 15-Nov-10 ? ? Maimed Reuters ?
Meriki 01-Jan-11 4 M Abducted, hair removed UTSS (Undated) Geita, Kasemi
Meimosi 01-Feb-11 1 f? Attempted murder UTSS (Undated) Ukerewe
Juma Kapela 09-Feb-11 3 M Abducted UTSS (Undated) Katavi, Mpanda?
Mariamu Juma 10-Mar-11 29 F False imprisonment and neglect UTSS (Undated) Tanga, Muheza
Unnamed Dubious Reuters report 1[iii] 05-May-11 ? M Killed Reuters ?
Unnamed Dubious Reuters report 2[iv] 05-May-11 ? M Killed Reuters ?
Unnamed Dubious Reuters report 3[v] 05-May-11 ? M Killed Reuters ?
Doto Mbiti 13-May-11 14 months M Killed UTSS 2012 Northwest – Sukuma tribe
Majaliwa Ng’hoyelwa 01-Jun-11 11 M Targeted UTSS (Undated) Geita, Kasamwa
Lucas Masanja 16-Sep-11 3 M Targeted UTSS (Undated) Shinyanga, Bariadi
Adam Robert (Tangawizi) also here[vi] 14-Oct-11 12 M Maimed UTSS (Undated), Tz Guardian on Sunday Geita, Nyaluguguna, Nyijundu ward, Nyang’wale constituency
Kulwa Lusana 21-Oct-11 15 F Maimed UTSS (Undated) Shinyanga, Kahama, Mbizi
Mawazo Simon 11-Nov-11 5 M Assaulted on several occasions (head shaved) maimed UTSS (Undated) Geita
Elisha Simon (sister of Mawazo) ? 3 F No information; was she attacked? Was she PWA? UTSS 2012 Geita
Name withheld for undisclosed reasons[vii] 23-Nov-11 ? F False imprisonment and neglect UTSS (Undated) Pwani, Kibaha, Mbwawa
Unnamed Al Jazeera 12 YO M 14-Dec-11 12 M Maimed Al Jazeera ?
Unnamed Al Jazeera 16 YO F 14-Dec-11 16 F Maimed Al Jazeera ?
Thomas 01-Jan-12 35 M Maimed UTSS (Undated) Musoma? Mara (cf McLeod)
Beatrice Sospeter 01-Mar-12 19 F Attacked UTSS (Undated) Shinyanga, Kishapu
Leti Amonius Dionizi 12-May-12 3 M Killed UTSS (Undated) Kagera, Nyamwala
Agneta Dionizi 12-May-12 21 months F Targeted UTSS (Undated) Kagera, Nyamwala
Unnamed 22-May-12 25-30 ? Killed and skinned UTSS 2012 ? Unlikely to be same as next as BBC doesn’t mention skinning
Unnamed 01-Jun-12 30s M Killed BBC Meru
Harubu Nuru 07-Jun-12 ? M Targeted UTSS (Undated) Geita
Sinzo Dereva 01-Oct-12 38 M Attacked UTSS (Undated) Mbeya, Chunya, Songwe, Magamba
Lugolola Bunzari 31-Jan-13 7 M Killed BBC Tabora, Kanunge
Bunzari, Grandfather of Lugolola[viii] 31-Jan-13 95 M Killed BBC Tabora, Kanunge
Makunga Baraka 05-Feb-13 7 months M Attacked UTSS (Undated), BBC Simiyu, near Lamadi (Bariadi is regional capital)
Maria Chambanenje 11-Feb-13 38 F Maimed UTSS (Undated), BBC Rukwa, Sumbawanga, Miangaluwa (Mkowe – BBC)
Mwigulu Matonange 15-Feb-13 10 M Maimed UTSS (Undated), BBC Rukwa, Sumbawanga, Msia
Unnamed local albino representative 30-May-13 ? M Maimed (killed?) Guardian, UNICEF Mwanza
Hosea sibling 1 30-May-13 ? M Targeted Guardian, UNICEF Mwanza, now lives in Dodoma
Hosea sibling 2 30-May-13 ? F Targeted Guardian, UNICEF Mwanza, now lives in Dodoma
Michael Hosea 30-May-13 15 M Targeted Guardian, UNICEF Mwanza, now lives in Dodoma

 


[i] Victim from Kenya.

[ii] Victim from Burundi.

[iii] Reuters and the author of this report were contacted and failed to corroborate this incident; several senior TAS officials also said (in private conversations) that they were not aware of these three killings and exhumations.

[iv] Reuters and the author of this report were contacted and failed to corroborate this incident; several senior TAS officials also said (in private conversations) that they were not aware of these three killings and exhumations.

[v] Reuters and the author of this report were contacted and failed to corroborate this incident; several senior TAS officials also said (in private conversations) that they were not aware of these three killings and exhumations.

[vi] Victim’s father’s (also referred to as stepfather) second name is ‘Tangawizi’, Swahili for ‘ginger’. Could Robert Tangawizi himself, or a predecessor have been an albino?

[vii] This is not an attack and appears to be an abuse of a disabled person who is also a person with albinism. The abuse began in 2005, before the first probable attack on a person with albinism.

[viii] Victim not a person with albinism.

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One Response to “Tanzanian Albino Attacks – Updated List of Victims”

Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. Open Letter to the United Nations Office of the High Commission for Human Rights | Blogtivist - October 27, 2013

    […] According to the media accounts that I have looked at there were well over 30 deaths that attracted enough media interest for something about the incident to be recorded, the age, location or some circumstance, such as ‘skinning’ of the victim. There were well over 70 documented attacks. Not over 70 killings, as the media eventually agreed, but as I said, they could be keeping their cards close to their chest. But attacks continue. Media coverage has waned considerably since 2008 and 2009, but I have tried to account for documented victims in the linked table and I would welcome additions to …. […]

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